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Emergency packs for the winter traveller

Discussion in 'Survival Skills' started by Leif, Mar 25, 2012.

  1. Leif

    Leif Extremely Talkative

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    On my recent winter survival course we asked students to make up Emergency packs - the idea being that they have a daysack designed to carry a small amount of kit to enable the to survive a winter/sub zero emergency - it is suggested they be realistic (to stop someone who lacks skills or confidence in their skills) and not pack items they wouldnt really carry, say adding a tent to a day sack for a day hike ...........anyway below was a compulation of emergency kits I listed in a word doc and gave to each student ......... the top three lists are aviation lists which pilots in Alaska and Northern Canada are legally required to carry, with a break down below the listing. Below that (in yellow highlight) is my own adaptation take from the British Army's own pam for winter and arctic warfare - and lastly is a list taken from Fjallraven and what they recommend as a winter emergency kit ..........

    Hope someone at least will find it interesting ;)

    Alaskan OLD REGS Canadian Alaskan NEW REGS

    [TABLE="class: MsoTableGrid, align: left"]
    1. Food having a caloric value of at least 10,000 calories per person
    2. Cooking utensils.
    3. Matches in a waterproof container.
    4. A stove and a supply of fuel
    5. A portable compass.
    6. An axe of at least 2 1/2 pounds
    7. A flexible saw blade or equivalent
    8. Snare wire of at least 30 feet
    9. Fishing equipment including fishing bait and a gill net
    10. Mosquito nets and insect repellent
    11. Tents in international orange or other high visibility colour,
    12. Winter sleeping bags
    13. Two pairs of snow shoes
    14. A signalling mirror.
    15. At least 3 pyrotechnical distress signals.
    16. A sharp jack-knife or hunting knife.
    17. A suitable survival instruction manual.
    18. Hi-Viz panel.
    useful additional equipment:

    1. Spare Axe Handle
    2. Honing stone or file
    3. Ice chisel
    4. Snow knife or snow saw
    5. Snow shovel
    6. Flashlight with spare bulbs and batteries
    7. Pack sack
    [TD="width: 189"] Food packets
    Snare wire
    Smoke, illumination signals
    Waterproof match box
    Saw/knife blade
    Wood matches
    First aid kit
    MC-1 magnetic compass
    Pocket knife
    Saw-knife-shovel handle
    Frying pan
    Illuminating candles
    Compressed trioxane fuel
    Signalling mirror
    Survival fishing kit
    Plastic spoon
    Survival Manual (AFM 64-5)
    Insect head net
    Ejector snap
    Attaching strap
    Kit, outer case
    Kit, inner case
    Water bag
    Packing list
    Sleeping bag[/TD]
    [TD="width: 189"] A) rations for each occupant sufficient to sustain life for one week;
    (B) one axe or hatchet;
    (C) one first aid kit;
    (D) an assortment of tackle such as hooks, flies, lines, and sinkers;
    (E) one knife;
    (F) fire starter;
    (G) one mosquito head net for each occupant;
    (H) two small signalling devices such as coloured smoke bombs, railroad fuses, or Very pistol shells, in sealed metal containers;
    2. In addition to the above, the following must be carried as minimum equipment from October 15 to April 1 of each year:
    (A) one pair of snowshoes
    (B) one sleeping bag
    (C) one wool blanket for each occupant over four [/TD]

    Break down of above = importance

    Listed in all three lists –

    • Food
    • Matches
    • Fishing kit
    • Mosi-net
    • Sleeping Bag
    • Snow shoes
    • Flares/signalling device/heliograph
    • Sharp Knife

    Listed in two of the three

    • Cooking utensils
    • Stove and fuel
    • Compass
    • Saw
    • Snare wire
    • Shelter (tent/poncho)
    • Survival manual/Aide memoir
    • First Aide kit
    • Axe

    Listed in only one list

    • Hi Viz Panel
    • Torch
    • Wool Blanket
    • Candles
    • Spoon
    • Entrenching tool
    • Water bottle

    Own list based on army pam – arctic warfare

    [TABLE="class: MsoTableGrid, width: 494"]
    [TD="width: 174"] a. Clothing Worn.
    (1) Windproof outer garment (with full contents of pockets).

    • Swedish smock
    • Flecktarn shirt
    • T-shirt/norgee
    • Trousers
    • Underwear
    • socks
    (2) FINGERLESS gloves.
    (3) Head dress.
    (4) Daysack.
    (5) Boots[/TD]
    [TD="width: 278"] b. Contents Of Pocket[FONT=&amp]s.[/FONT]
    (1) Aide memoir.
    (9) Compass/map.
    (10) Lighter.
    (11) String or para-cord (20m).
    (13) Emergency rations.(fruit ab biscuits – boiled sweets)
    (14) Gloves/mittens (if not worn).
    (17) [FONT=&amp]Mora knife[/FONT].
    (18) Spoon
    (19 Torch.(head torch)
    (20) fire steel - Whistle[/TD]
    [TD="width: 208"] c. Contents Of Daysack/bergen[FONT=&amp].[/FONT]
    (1)DDR MESS TINS and large folding mug/plate KFS
    (2) [FONT=&amp]Swedish parka[/FONT]
    (4) US ARMY S/BAG
    (5) 24 hours rations.(extreme winter)
    [FONT=&amp](8) water bottle + metal mug +stove[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](11)Possibles inc [/FONT]etc
    [FONT=&amp](12) spare socks[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](13) first aid kit [/FONT]- Lip salve
    [FONT=&amp](14) Hexi stove[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](15) Fleece snood - floppy hat – woolly gloves[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](16) Basha[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](17) roll mat[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](18) 2 QRT CANTEEN[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](20) saw[/FONT]
    (22) Notebook and pencil[FONT=&amp])[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](25) poncho[/FONT]
    [FONT=&amp](26) entrenching tool[/FONT][/TD]
    [TD="width: 174"] For hiking – note differences[/TD]
    [TD="width: 278"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 208"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 174"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 278"]
    • Berhaus rg parka
    • Buffalo belay
    [TD="width: 208"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 174"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 278"] Waterproof jacket instead of poncho
    2qrt canteen and filter bottle[/TD]
    [TD="width: 208"][/TD]
    Fjallraven recommended list for winter travel –

    Clothing worn – 3 layer principle

    1. Inner layer – wool mesh underwear
    2. wicking layer – thin polyster top
    3. Midlayer – fleece shirt/jacket
    4. Outer layer – smock or waterproof shell

    Emergency pack

    1. Bivi bag
    2. light weight sleeping bag
    3. simple change of clothing – socks most importantly
    4. waterproof over trousers
    5. pair of gloves (spare as gloves and hat always worn)
    6. Warm Jacket
    7. Thermos and packed lunch
    8. Snow shovel
    9. Thermal insulation for sitting on

    All to fit in a 35 litre day sack max
    Last edited: Mar 25, 2012
  2. Gazo

    Gazo Administrator Staff Member Site Donor

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    Great thread
  3. udamiano

    udamiano Slightly Talkative

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    Good list.

    In addition I would add.

    150ml bottle of Red food colour.
    Potassium permanganate crystals and glycerine in a separate bottle
    Chemical Tinder and a length of rubber off cut from a tyre inner tube.

    The Red food dye (if you can get it use the powdered stuff) put on snow will quickly spread and make a highly visible contrast for SAR to see.
    candles.These provide very little heat or light, but are definitely enough to bring a small area such as a snow hole just to a level where you are more comfortable, also can be used to extend you fire, or provide a small beacon.
    Potassium P and Glycerine when mixed produce an intense fire (Don't play) which can be used to start stubborn tinder, and can be more reliable than a lighter in very very cold conditions (lighters tend not to work in sub temperatures very well, and need special care in how they are kept, put your lighter in the fridge for a couple of hours and then try and light it, you'll see what i mean, and thats only 3 or so degrees, now do the same in your freezer)
    Chemical tinder will take a spark or light, even when totally soaked, the same with the rubber inner tube, it's usually when your cold and wet that you need fire the most, always have the ability to make fire even when everything is wet.

    Great post. thanks for sharing